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What is CBD? [2020 Guide]

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What is CBD?

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is the main therapeutic chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. Research shows that CBD can be beneficial to those suffering from a multitude of health issues, including cancer, seizures, mental health, insomnia, inflammation, and nausea. Because of this, CBD has gained favor as a powerful natural supplement for general health and wellness as well as a specific remedy for a variety of ailments.

What are the Health Benefits of CBD? 

CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning it does not get you “high.” Because of this, countless people have found CBD to be beneficial for both temporary and long-term relief from numerous health and wellness related issues. Although CBD use has only become a popular health remedy in recent years, a significant amount of research indicates that it can benefit users with the following conditions and ailments:

Pain Relief

A 2018 review of studies conducted over a period of 43 years concluded that CBD is an effective natural remedy for pain and does not cause the negative side effects associated with pharmaceuticals and pain management drugs. It is believed that CBD interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), which has receptors in the central nervous and immune systems. CBD may activate and generate responses in the receptors that deliver the pain relief noted in the 2018 review.

Inflammation

Pain and inflammation often go hand-in-hand, and studies indicate that CBD’s effect on the endocannabinoid system’s receptors can reduce inflammation. One study on rats found that CBD administered orally significantly reduced inflammation in the test subjects.

Sleep/Insomnia

Research on CBD and sleep still needs to be further explored, but a study suggests it could be a more effective solution than most common sleep aids. CBD shows promise with easing anxiety and pain, which makes sleep easier, and may even interact with brain receptors that help regulate the body’s sleep cycles.

Addiction

With pain relief research showing significant promise, CBD could prove to be a viable substitute to opioids, which could stop addiction before it starts. Additionally, early research shows that CBD has the potential to help reduce dependence on opioids, alcohol, nicotine, and other addictive substances as well.

Mental Health

Research indicates that CBD has a positive interaction with serotonin receptors, which could make it an effective treatment for anxiety, depression, and other mental health conditions. Additionally, since CBD has no known negative side effects, it is actively being researched as a potential substitute for harmful pharmaceuticals.

Neurodegenerative Diseases

Neurodegenerative diseases often cause iron accumulation, which eventually lead to cell death. A recent study indicates that CBD can restore the metabolic functions of these cells, potentially slowing the progress of diseases like Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and Multiple Sclerosis.

Cancer

Strong evidence suggests that CBD can help prevent cancer cell growth and even cause cancer cell death. CBD also has the potential to increase the potency of other cancer drugs, while also easing the side effects that come with chemotherapy and radiation.

Epilepsy, Seizures, and Tremor/Spasmodic Disorders

In cases of epilepsy, seizures, and other tremor disorders, CBD has been found to significantly reduce the frequency of convulsive seizures. Many people cite CBD’s effectiveness as a remedy that dramatically reduces or even eliminates seizures for themselves, their children, or their pets. 

General Mood

The body’s endocannabinoid system regulates several functions, including general mood. CBD’s impact on the ECS helps reduce stress and improve overall mood.

Diabetes

CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties can be a great help to those with diabetes, as inflammation and nerve pain are common symptoms. Additionally, CBD is said to reduce insulin resistance and moderate blood sugar levels for those with type 2 diabetes.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Several studies indicate that CBD offers tangible benefits to those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, reducing inflammation and reducing pain without negative side effects. CBD has also been found to be beneficial in topical gel form, reducing joint inflammation and pain.

Nausea

CBD is believed to interact with serotonin receptors, helping to alleviate nausea and vomiting. For those who suffer from frequent or chronic nausea, CBD can also help ease the anxiety that comes with the condition.

Psychosis

CBD has shown promise as a treatment for schizophrenia, particularly by decreasing psychotic symptoms and cognitive impairments.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease mainly includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, which both commonly cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, lack of appetite, and more. One study indicates that CBD can relieve the symptoms of Crohn’s disease, while additional research shows CBD can help reduce inflammation frequently caused by colitis.

Skin Health

Acne is believed to be caused by a variety of factors, but the overproduction of sebum is a major cause. One study found that CBD reduced inflammation and prevented sebaceous glands from producing excessive amounts of sebum, making it a potential acne treatment.

How Does CBD Work? 

CBD produces effects on the human body by activating various receptors in the central nervous and immune systems, causing them to perform specific functions. Since the human body naturally produces cannabinoids, it has two receptor types for cannabinoids: CB1 and CB2. The majority of CB1 receptors are found in the brain and central nervous system and impact mood, appetite, pain, emotions, and other functions. CB2 receptors are typically found in the immune system and impact pain and inflammation. 

More research needs to be done, but CBD does not appear to directly attach to CB1 or CB2 receptors. Rather, CBD appears to modulate several non-cannabinoid receptors and ion channels that affect CB1 and CB2 receptors, endogenous neurotransmitters and certain G-protein receptors directly.

Does CBD Get You High?

No, you cannot get high from CBD. Since CBD is often derived from marijuana and hemp, it is common for people to assume it intoxicates users. However, CBD by itself is non-intoxicating and has no psychoactive effects.

While it is true that CBD can improve a person’s general mood or reduce stress and anxiety, these benefits are very different from the high usually associated with marijuana.

Is CBD Legal?

CBD’s legality is a point of confusion for many Americans who associate it with marijuana instead of regarding it as an individual chemical component of cannabis. While CBD can be derived from marijuana, the majority of CBD products on the market come from industrial hemp, which is legal.

While hemp-derived CBD is legal on a federal level, states have their own laws and they sometimes do not fully align with federal regulations. Several factors can determine the legality of CBD in your state. This article examines CBD’s legality in more detail.

How Do I Take CBD?

CBD can be taken orally, ingested, inhaled, or applied topically to your body. There are pros and cons to each of the various forms of CBD and ways to take it. The appropriate method for taking CBD depends on the reasons for using it. Whenever you start a new medical therapy, including CBD, it is always advised to consult with your doctor first. Additionally, speaking with a reputable CBD retailer about your specific issues can help you determine the best form of CBD for you to take. 

What Are the Different Forms of CBD?

  • Edibles: Edibles are foods and beverages that have been infused with CBD, making them easy to consume and share. The most popular edibles are chocolates, gummies, hard candies, and CBD infused water.
  • Vapes: Vapes allow users to inhale CBD through the use of a portable and hand-held heating device. CBD comes in a liquid form, typically with a desirable flavor, and the heating device turns it into an inhalable vapor. Vapes have become a popular form of CBD consumption due to its on-the-go convenience.
  • Oils: CBD oil is the most popular form of CBD. It is most often taken sublingually, but it can also be applied topically or ingested. A dropper is most often used to administer the desired dose.
  • Tinctures: Much like CBD oil, tinctures can be ingested orally. However, tinctures are made using an alcohol base to increase the absorption rate into the body. Additionally, tinctures are often flavored to improve taste or have additional ingredients like herbs added to it to provide additional health benefits. 
  • Topicals: CBD topicals are creams, lotions, balms, or salves that are intended to relieve pain in joints and muscles. Topicals must be applied to the skin of the targeted area so the CBD can be absorbed into the body.
  • Pet Care: Pets can benefit from CBD in many of the same ways people do, which is why infused treats, capsules, and tinctures have become popular. Pet forms of CBD can either replace typical treats or can easily be added to food.
  • Drinks: CBD beverages include waters, teas, sodas, or even water-soluble powders that you can add to your drink of choice.
  • Isolates: CBD isolate is a crystalline powder that contains 99% pure CBD. Isolate is odorless, tasteless, and can be consumed by placing it under your tongue, smoking it, or adding it to a beverage or food.

How Much CBD Should I Take? 

Since CBD works in alliance with the human body, there are no adverse effects to worry about. However, the general rule of thumb is to start with smaller doses of CBD and gradually build them up as you become used to the effects.

The ideal starting dosage for an adult is 25-40 mgs per day, though the recommended dose could change depending on the user’s height, weight, age and reason for use. Additionally, higher dosages are necessary for those who wish to treat more serious conditions, like cancer or diabetes. 

To learn more about CBD dosing, read Daintri’s article on the subject.

Who Should Take CBD? Is CBD For Everyone?

Even though research on CBD shows how promising it is for a wide range of health issues and conditions, it isn’t necessarily for everyone. The FDA recommends that pregnant women or those who are breastfeeding should avoid using CBD. At this time, there is no comprehensive research studying the impact CBD has on pregnant mothers, developing fetuses, or babies still being breastfed.

CBD may also interact with other medications in the user’s bloodstream, specifically blood thinners. However, this is simply the nature of chemical compounds. Grapefruit juice, for instance, should be avoided when taking certain medications. Anyone who is interested in using CBD to manage an illness or condition should speak to their doctor to ensure it won’t conflict with any medications they are taking.

Where Can I Buy CBD? 

Since CBD regulations vary state by state, the easiest way to purchase CBD is often through an online retailer. With so many different forms of CBD and CBD brands on the market, it is best to choose a trusted retailer that stocks a wide selection of high quality and safe products. Products can be purchased online, without judgment, and swiftly delivered to the customer’s desired location.

Daintri, for example, is a one-stop online shop for all CBD needs. Daintri curates the highest quality CBD products on the market and organizes their products in an easy and intuitive shopping experience. This ensures their customers conveniently find the right CBD product for their specific needs. In addition to offering fast shipping on over 300 products, Daintri maintains a robust education center for those new to CBD.

Visit Daintri now to browse their excellent selection of CBD products.

Does CBD Have Any Side Effects?

CBD side effects include dry mouth, fatigue, irritability, and reduced appetite. However, most users will have no issues when taking CBD.

Will CBD Show Up on a Drug Test?

CBD generally will not show up on a drug test, but it depends on the type of CBD product you are using. Some CBD products contain trace amounts of THC, which is marijuana’s main active ingredient. If enough THC is present in the CBD product, marijuana could show up as positive on a drug test.

While a CBD product could lead to a positive drug test, CBD is not the compound that is picked up by the test. CBD users who are concerned about possible drug tests should read product labels or perhaps contact the manufacturer or retailer to learn whether THC is present, and if so, how much.

How is CBD made? 

CBD is most often made by extracting the chemical compound from cannabis plant matter. One of the most popular methods of extracting CBD is through the use of carbon dioxide (CO2). Extraction begins by pumping CO2 into a chamber containing cannabis. This chamber is pressurized to keep CO2 in a liquid state, allowing it to extract oil out of the plant. The mixture of CO2 and CBD is then transferred to another chamber, where CO2 is then returned to a gaseous state and CBD is left behind.

Oil infusion is another common method of producing consumable CBD. First, the cannabis is heated enough to activate its compounds. Next, a carrier oil, like olive oil and additional heat are added for almost two hours. The end result is an oil mixture of CBD and the carrier oil.

How Can I Find Quality CBD Products?

One of the best ways to find quality CBD products is to become educated on cannabidiol. Understanding CBD, the way it interacts with the human body, and the way it is used in products makes it much easier to find high-quality CBD products. 

Additionally, finding a reputable online retailer can help make the search for high quality and safe CBD products easy and convenient. A retailer like Daintri provides a robust education center for information on CBD, as well as a wide selection of curated CBD products for all your CBD needs.

Why is there THC in some CBD Products?

Some CBD products contain THC because it is believed that THC can enhance the effect of CBD. This effect is called the “Entourage Effect” and some research indicates the effect to be true. Many states still, however, prohibit the sale or consumption of THC, so most CBD products on the market contain zero or less than 0.3% THC, the federally legally allowed limit. 

Can You Travel With CBD?

Although it used to be illegal to fly with any form of CBD, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) recently changed its policy to allow hemp-derived CBD on flights. However, although the TSA’s new stance is clear, there could be confusion in real-life situations. TSA officers might not be able to recognize whether or not a particular CBD product is legal and adheres to the regulations of the 2018 Farm Bill. Generally, however, most people travel with CBD products and do not experience any issues. 

Can I give CBD to My Dog or Pet?

Yes, you can. Dogs, cats, and other pets may suffer from anxiety, joint pain, or other ailments that humans take CBD to alleviate. While it might be difficult to determine a proper dosage for a pet, research indicates that CBD could help them with certain conditions. A study from Cornell, for example, shows that CBD can significantly improve pain management and quality of life for dogs suffering from osteoarthritis. Many pet owners give CBD to their pets to help calm them down during anxious times, or help them with pain and suffering from injury, illness or old age.

Takeaways

  • CBD is the main therapeutic chemical compound found in the cannabis plant.
  • Research indicates that CBD has a variety of health benefits and can be beneficial to those suffering from cancer, mental health issues, seizures, insomnia, pain, sleep and more.
  • CBD works by activating receptors in the central nervous and immune systems.
  • CBD is non-intoxicating and has no psychoactive effects.
  • CBD derived from hemp is legal on a federal level, but states may have their own laws regarding CBD.
  • CBD is available in a variety of forms, including oils, tinctures, edibles, vapes, topicals, beverages, and more.

Closing statement 

CBD’s popularity will continue to grow as more people learn how it provides temporary and long-term relief for a variety of health issues and conditions. More studies need to be conducted to fully understand how CBD impacts the human body, but the research currently available is very promising. 

If you are interested in learning more about CBD or are ready to find the right CBD products for your needs, please visit Daintri and explore its Education Center, browse its extensive product offerings, or speak with one of their dedicated and highly trained customer service staff. Daintri’s sole focus is the health and wellbeing of customers. CBD consumers can find a curated selection of high-quality CBD products, including oils, edibles, tinctures, vapes, topicals, pet products, and more.

 

*To view Daintri’s sources for this and all Education Center articles, click here.


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